# Scientists similar to or like Roger Penrose

English mathematical physicist, mathematician and philosopher of science. Wikipedia

English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author who was director of research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at the University of Cambridge at the time of his death. The Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge between 1979 and 2009. Wikipedia

Irish physicist and mathematician who made innovations in the understanding of electricity, dynamics, thermodynamics, and the electron theory of matter. Aether and Matter, a theoretical physics book published in 1900. Wikipedia

English theoretical physicist who is regarded as one of the most significant physicists of the 20th century. Dirac made fundamental contributions to the early development of both quantum mechanics and quantum electrodynamics. Wikipedia

English astronomer, physicist, and mathematician. Also a philosopher of science and a populariser of science. Wikipedia

Pakistani theoretical physicist. He shared the 1979 Nobel Prize in Physics with Sheldon Glashow and Steven Weinberg for his contribution to the electroweak unification theory. Wikipedia

Mathematical physicist at the University of Bristol, England. Known for the Berry phase, a phenomenon observed e.g. in quantum mechanics and optics, as well as Berry connection and curvature. Wikipedia

English mathematician, known for his achievements in number theory and mathematical analysis. Known for the Hardy–Weinberg principle, a basic principle of population genetics. Wikipedia

English mathematician and philosopher. Now termed geometric algebra, a special case of the Clifford algebra named in his honour. Wikipedia

English physicist, astronomer and mathematician. Born in Ormskirk, Lancashire, the son of William Tulloch Jeans, a parliamentary correspondent and author. Wikipedia

French mathematician, theoretical physicist, engineer, and philosopher of science. Often described as a polymath, and in mathematics as "The Last Universalist," since he excelled in all fields of the discipline as it existed during his lifetime. Wikipedia

English mathematician. He made fundamental contributions to matrix theory, invariant theory, number theory, partition theory, and combinatorics. Wikipedia

English cosmologist, theoretical physicist, and mathematician. Most recently, he served as Gresham Professor of Geometry at Gresham College from 2008 to 2011. Wikipedia

English mathematician, computer scientist, logician, cryptanalyst, philosopher and theoretical biologist. Highly influential in the development of theoretical computer science, providing a formalisation of the concepts of algorithm and computation with the Turing machine, which can be considered a model of a general-purpose computer. Wikipedia

American mathematical physicist and professor of mathematics and physics at Princeton University who specializes in statistical mechanics, condensed matter theory, and functional analysis. In particular, his scientific works pertain to: the quantum and classical many-body problem, the stability of matter, atomic structure, the theory of magnetism, and the Hubbard model. Wikipedia

British mathematician who contributed widely to applied mathematics, mathematical physics, and the theory of special functions. He had a particular interest in numerical analysis, but also worked on celestial mechanics, the history of physics, and digital signal processing. Wikipedia

British mathematician, specifically a geometer. Area now called Hodge theory and pertaining more generally to Kähler manifolds—has been a major influence on subsequent work in geometry. Wikipedia

English physicist and Nobel Laureate in Physics, credited with the discovery and identification of the electron, the first subatomic particle to be discovered. In 1897, Thomson showed that cathode rays were composed of previously unknown negatively charged particles (now called electrons), which he calculated must have bodies much smaller than atoms and a very large charge-to-mass ratio. Wikipedia

German physicist who contributed to the understanding of Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity. From graduate and postgraduate work in Pascual Jordan's relativity research group at Hamburg University, he held various posts as a lecturer and, later, as a professor before joining the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics in Munich as a director. Wikipedia

German mathematician, theoretical physicist and philosopher. Spent in Zürich, Switzerland and then Princeton, New Jersey, he is associated with the University of Göttingen tradition of mathematics, represented by David Hilbert and Hermann Minkowski. Wikipedia

American theoretical physicist and Nobel laureate, known for his contributions in gravitational physics and astrophysics. The Feynman Professor of Theoretical Physics at the California Institute of Technology until 2009 and is one of the world's leading experts on the astrophysical implications of Einstein's general theory of relativity. Wikipedia

Pakistani mathematician and a prominent cosmologist, specialised in mathematical physics and physical cosmology. Considered as one of the top mathematicians in Pakistan. Wikipedia

British theoretical physicist, emeritus professor in the University of Edinburgh, and Nobel Prize laureate for his work on the mass of subatomic particles. In the 1960s, Higgs proposed that broken symmetry in electroweak theory could explain the origin of mass of elementary particles in general and of the W and Z bosons in particular. Wikipedia

British astrophysicist and mathematician. Born in Hull, Yorkshire, England. Wikipedia

British physicist and mathematician, and a major figure in fluid dynamics and wave theory. His biographer and one-time student, George Batchelor, described him as "one of the most notable scientists of this (the 20th) century". Wikipedia

British physicist and one of the pioneers of string theory. Lucasian Professor of Mathematics from 2009 to 2015. Wikipedia

British physicist and mathematician. Fellow of Wadham College, Oxford. Wikipedia

British applied mathematician, known for his pioneering work in the field of aeroacoustics. Educated at Winchester College, and graduated with a BA from Trinity College, Cambridge in 1943. Wikipedia

American theoretical physicist. Largely responsible for reviving interest in general relativity in the United States after World War II. Wikipedia

American applied mathematician and mathematical physicist. He currently holds the Wilfred R. and Ann Lee Konneker Distinguished Professorship of Physics at Washington University in St. Louis. Wikipedia

British mathematical physicist and mathematician, currently Professor of Theoretical Physics at the University of Durham. He specialises in the study of topological solitons. Wikipedia

## Sentences forRoger Penrose

- ;Gödelian arguments: Gödel himself, John Lucas (in 1961) and Roger Penrose (in a more detailed argument from 1989 onwards) made highly technical arguments that human mathematicians can consistently see the truth of their own "Gödel statements" and therefore have computational abilities beyond that of mechanical Turing machines.Artificial intelligence-Wikipedia
- In 1959, James Terrell and Roger Penrose independently pointed out that differential time lag effects in signals reaching the observer from the different parts of a moving object result in a fast moving object's visual appearance being quite different from its measured shape.Special relativity-Wikipedia
- Inspired by Roger Penrose's theorem of a spacetime singularity in the centre of black holes, Hawking applied the same thinking to the entire universe; and, during 1965, he wrote his thesis on this topic.Stephen Hawking-Wikipedia
- Marcus du Sautoy and Roger Penrose are both currently mathematics professors, and Jackie Stedall was a professor of the university.University of Oxford-Wikipedia
- Aware of the importance of causal structure, Roger Penrose and others developed what is known as global geometry.General relativity-Wikipedia

- However, in the late 1960s Roger Penrose and Stephen Hawking used global techniques to prove that singularities appear generically.Black hole-Wikipedia
- In his book The Road to Reality, mathematical physicist Roger Penrose expresses similar views, stating "The often frantic competitiveness that this ease of communication engenders leads to bandwagon effects, where researchers fear to be left behind if they do not join in."String theory-Wikipedia
- Between 1973 and 1974, Roger Penrose developed Penrose tiling, a pattern related to the golden ratio both in the ratio of areas of its two rhombic tiles and in their relative frequency within the pattern.Golden ratio-Wikipedia
- His scientific works included a collaboration with Roger Penrose on gravitational singularity theorems in the framework of general relativity and the theoretical prediction that black holes emit radiation, often called Hawking radiation.Stephen Hawking-Wikipedia
- Physicist David Bohm who made notable contributions to the theory of Quantum mechanics was professor of Theoretical Physics from 1961–87, Nobel Laureates Aaron Klug at the Department of crystallography, Derek Barton at the Department of Chemistry together with eminent physicist Roger Penrose and David Bohm at the Department of Physics.Birkbeck, University of London-Wikipedia
- Notable theories falling into this category include the holonomic brain theory of Karl Pribram and David Bohm, and the Orch-OR theory formulated by Stuart Hameroff and Roger Penrose.Consciousness-Wikipedia
- A festival regular, he has returned in subsequent years to debate the risks and rewards of artificial intelligence with physicist Stephen Hawking and collaborator Roger Penrose.Warren Ellis-Wikipedia
- One consequence of this is that in standard general relativity, the universe began with a singularity, as demonstrated by Roger Penrose and Stephen Hawking in the 1960s.Physical cosmology-Wikipedia
- Spin networks were initially introduced by Roger Penrose in abstract form, and later shown by Carlo Rovelli and Lee Smolin to derive naturally from a non-perturbative quantization of general relativity.Quantum gravity-Wikipedia
- Prominent English figures from the field of science and mathematics include Sir Isaac Newton, Michael Faraday, Charles Darwin, Robert Hooke, James Prescott Joule, John Dalton, Lord Rayleigh, J. J. Thomson, James Chadwick, Charles Babbage, George Boole, Alan Turing, Tim Berners-Lee, Paul Dirac, Stephen Hawking, Peter Higgs, Roger Penrose, John Horton Conway, Thomas Bayes, Arthur Cayley, G. H. Hardy, Oliver Heaviside, Andrew Wiles, Francis Crick, Joseph Lister, Joseph Priestley, Thomas Young, Christopher Wren and Richard Dawkins.England-Wikipedia
- Scientists who are generally skeptical of the multiverse hypothesis include: David Gross, Paul Steinhardt, Anna Ijjas, Abraham Loeb, David Spergel, Neil Turok, Viatcheslav Mukhanov, Michael S. Turner, Roger Penrose, George Ellis, Joe Silk,Multiverse-Wikipedia
- Among recent members have been Dr Rowan Williams, the former Archbishop of Canterbury, Lord Dyson, former Justice of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom and Master of the Rolls, author and broadcaster Melvyn Bragg, writer and journalist Jonathan Freedland, novelists Hari Kunzru and Monica Ali, and the mathematical physicist and philosopher Sir Roger Penrose (who was Rouse Ball Professor of Mathematics 1973–1999, and is now an emeritus fellow).Wadham College, Oxford-Wikipedia
- A modern form of this argument is given by Sir Roger Penrose.Philosophy of mathematics-Wikipedia
- Authors including the philosopher J. R. Lucas and physicist Roger Penrose have debated what, if anything, Gödel's incompleteness theorems imply about human intelligence.Gödel's incompleteness theorems-Wikipedia
- Escher's artwork is especially well-liked by mathematicians such as Doris Schattschneider and scientists such as Roger Penrose, who enjoy his use of polyhedra and geometric distortions.M. C. Escher-Wikipedia
- Although Escher believed he had no mathematical ability, he interacted with the mathematicians George Pólya, Roger Penrose, Harold Coxeter and crystallographer Friedrich Haag, and conducted his own research into tessellation.M. C. Escher-Wikipedia
- In order to work, and as pointed out by Roger Penrose from 1986 on, inflation requires extremely specific initial conditions of its own, so that the problem (or pseudo-problem) of initial conditions is not solved: "There is something fundamentally misconceived about trying to explain the uniformity of the early universe as resulting from a thermalization process. [...] For, if the thermalization is actually doing anything [...] then it represents a definite increasing of the entropy. Thus, the universe would have been even more special before the thermalization than after."Inflation (cosmology)-Wikipedia
- King's has benefited from the services of academics and staff at the top of their fields, including Sir Charles Lyell (lawyer and geologist), Sir Charles Wheatstone (best known for the Wheatstone bridge), Robert Bentley Todd (best known for describing Todd's paresis), James Clerk Maxwell (mathematical physicist), Florence Nightingale (the founder of modern nursing), Joseph Lister (pioneer of antiseptic surgery), Charles Barkla (best known for the study of X-rays), Sir Charles Sherrington (known for his work on the functions of neurons), Sir Edward Appleton (physicist), Sir Owen Richardson (physicist), Maurice Wilkins (best known for contributions to the discovery of the structure of DNA), Rosalind Franklin (best known for contributions to the discovery of the structure of DNA), Mario Vargas Llosa (writer), Sir Roger Penrose (mathematical physicist) and John Ellis (theoretical physicist).King's College London-Wikipedia
- The first three recipients were Stephen Hawking (1987), John Stewart Bell (1988), and Roger Penrose (1989).Paul Dirac-Wikipedia
- House of Stairs (1951) attracted the interest of the mathematician Roger Penrose and his father, the biologist Lionel Penrose.M. C. Escher-Wikipedia
- Prominent contributors to the 20th century's mathematical physics (although the list contains some typically theoretical, not mathematical, physicists and leaves many contributors out; since the page can be edited by anyone, sometimes less deserved mentions can pop up in the list) include, ordered by birth date, William Thomson (Lord Kelvin) [1824–1907], Oliver Heaviside [1850–1925], Jules Henri Poincaré [1854–1912], David Hilbert [1862–1943], Arnold Sommerfeld [1868–1951], Constantin Carathéodory [1873–1950], Albert Einstein [1879–1955], Max Born [1882–1970], George David Birkhoff [1884-1944], Hermann Weyl [1885–1955], Satyendra Nath Bose [1894-1974], Norbert Wiener [1894–1964], John Lighton Synge (1897–1995), Wolfgang Pauli [1900–1958], Paul Dirac [1902–1984], Eugene Wigner [1902–1995], Andrey Kolmogorov [1903-1987], Lars Onsager [1903-1976], John von Neumann [1903–1957], Sin-Itiro Tomonaga [1906–1979], Hideki Yukawa [1907–1981], Nikolay Nikolayevich Bogolyubov [1909–1992], Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar [1910-1995], Mark Kac [1914–1984], Julian Schwinger [1918–1994], Richard Phillips Feynman [1918–1988], Irving Ezra Segal [1918–1998], Ryogo Kubo [1920–1995], Arthur Strong Wightman [1922–2013], Chen-Ning Yang [1922– ], Rudolf Haag [1922–2016], Freeman John Dyson [1923– ], Martin Gutzwiller [1925–2014], Abdus Salam [1926–1996], Jürgen Moser [1928–1999], Michael Francis Atiyah [1929–2019], Joel Louis Lebowitz [1930– ], Roger Penrose [1931– ], Elliott Hershel Lieb [1932– ], Sheldon Lee Glashow [1932– ], Steven Weinberg [1933– ], Ludvig Dmitrievich Faddeev [1934–2017], David Ruelle [1935– ], Yakov Grigorevich Sinai [1935– ], Vladimir Igorevich Arnold [1937–2010], Arthur Michael Jaffe [1937– ], Roman Wladimir Jackiw [1939– ], Leonard Susskind [1940– ], Rodney James Baxter [1940– ], Michael Victor Berry [1941- ], Giovanni Gallavotti [1941- ], Stephen William Hawking [1942–2018], Jerrold Eldon Marsden [1942–2010], Alexander Markovich Polyakov [1945– ], Gerardus 't Hooft [1946– ], John Lawrence Cardy [1947– ], Giorgio Parisi [1948– ], Edward Witten [1951– ], Herbert Spohn [1951?– ], Ashoke Sen [1956-] and Juan Martín Maldacena [1968– ].Mathematical physics-Wikipedia

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