Civilian attacks similar to or like Romani genocide

The effort by Nazi Germany and its World War II allies to commit ethnic cleansing and eventually genocide against Europe's Romani people during the Holocaust era. Wikipedia

  • The Holocaust

    The genocide of European Jews during World War II. Between 1941 and 1945, Nazi Germany and its collaborators systematically murdered some six million Jews across German-occupied Europe, around two-thirds of Europe's Jewish population. Wikipedia

  • Nazi crimes against the Polish nation

    Crimes against the Polish nation committed by Nazi Germany and Axis collaborationist forces during the invasion of Poland, along with auxiliary battalions during the subsequent occupation of Poland in World War II, consisted of the murder of millions of ethnic Poles and the systematic extermination of Jewish Poles. The Germans justified these genocides on the basis of Nazi racial theory, which regarded Poles and other Slavic peoples as racially inferior Untermenschen and depicted Jews as a constant threat. Wikipedia

  • Genocides in history (World War I through World War II)

    Introduced into international relations for the first time when the Allied Powers sent a letter to the government of the Ottoman Empire, a member of the Central Powers, protesting massacres that were taking place within the Empire. On 24 May 1915, the Allied Powers (Britain, France, and Russia) jointly issued a statement which for the first time ever explicitly charged a government, the Ottoman Empire, with committing a "crime against humanity" in reference to that regime's persecution of its Christian minorities, including Armenians, Assyrians and Greeks. Wikipedia

  • Genocide of Serbs in the Independent State of Croatia

    The systematic persecution of Serbs which was committed during World War II by the fascist Ustaše regime in the Nazi German puppet state known as the Independent State of Croatia (Nezavisna Država Hrvatska, NDH) between 1941 and 1945. Carried out through executions in death camps, as well as through mass murder, ethnic cleansing, deportations, forced conversions, and war rape. Wikipedia

  • History of Poland (1939–1945)

    The history of Poland from 1939 to 1945 encompasses primarily the period from the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union to the end of World War II. Invaded by Nazi Germany on 1 September 1939 and by the Soviet Union on 17 September. Wikipedia

  • New Order (Nazism)

    The political order which Nazi Germany wanted to impose on the conquered areas under its dominion. Publicly proclaimed by Adolf Hitler in 1941: "Das Jahr 1941 wird, dessen bin ich überzeugt, das geschichtliche Jahr einer großen Neuordnung Europas sein!" Wikipedia

  • Auschwitz concentration camp

    Complex of over 40 concentration and extermination camps operated by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland during World War II and the Holocaust. It consisted of Auschwitz I, the main camp (Stammlager) in Oświęcim; Auschwitz II-Birkenau, a concentration and extermination camp with gas chambers; Auschwitz III-Monowitz, a labor camp for the chemical conglomerate IG Farben; and dozens of subcamps. Wikipedia

  • Holocaust survivors

    Holocaust survivors are people who survived the Holocaust, defined as the persecution and attempted annihilation of the Jews by Nazi Germany and its allies before and during World War II in Europe and North Africa. No universally accepted definition of the term and it has been applied variously to Jews who survived the war in German-occupied Europe or other Axis territories, as well as to those who fled to Allied and neutral countries before or during the war. Wikipedia

  • Holocaust victims

    Holocaust victims were people targeted by the government of Nazi Germany based on their ethnicity, religion, political beliefs, or sexual orientation. The institutionalized practice by the Nazis of singling out and persecuting people resulted in the Holocaust, which began with legalized social discrimination against specific groups, involuntary hospitalization, euthanasia, and forced sterilization of persons considered physically or mentally unfit for society. Wikipedia

  • Romani people

    Indo-Aryan people, traditionally nomadic itinerants living mostly in Europe, as well as diaspora populations in the Americas. Considered by some Roma people to be pejorative due to its connotations of illegality and irregularity. Wikipedia

  • Roma Holocaust Memorial Day

    Committed against the Romani people by Nazi Germany and its allies during World War II. Chosen because on the night of 2 to 3 August 1944 2,897 Roma, mostly women, children and elderly people, were killed in the Gypsy family camp at the Auschwitz concentration camp. Wikipedia

  • Ion Antonescu

    Romanian military officer and marshal who presided over two successive wartime dictatorships as Prime Minister and Conducător during most of World War II. Executed. Wikipedia

  • The Holocaust in Bulgaria

    The Holocaust in Bulgaria refers to the persecution, deportation, and annihilation of Jews between 1939 and 1944 in the Kingdom of Bulgaria during World War II, arranged by the Nazi Germany-allied government of Tsar Boris III and prime minister Bogdan Filov. The persecution began in 1939, intensified after early 1941, and culminated in deportations of Jews from Bulgaria to German concentration camps. Wikipedia

  • Occupation of Poland (1939–1945)

    Formally concluded with the defeat of Germany by the Allies in May 1945. Divided between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union both of which intended to eradicate Poland's culture and subjugate its people. Wikipedia

  • Final Solution

    Nazi plan for the genocide of Jews during World War II. The official code name for the murder of all Jews within reach, which was not restricted to the European continent. Wikipedia

  • The Holocaust in German-occupied Serbia

    Part of the European-wide Holocaust, the Nazi genocide against Jews during World War II, which occurred in the Territory of the Military Commander in Serbia, the military administration of the Third Reich established after the April 1941 invasion of Yugoslavia. The crimes were primarily committed by the German occupation authorities who implemented Nazi racial policies, assisted by the collaborationist forces of the successive puppet governments established by the Germans in the occupied territory. Wikipedia

  • Reinhard Heydrich

    High-ranking German SS and police official during the Nazi era and a main architect of the Holocaust. Chief of the Reich Main Security Office . Wikipedia

  • Greater Germanic Reich

    The official state name of the political entity that Nazi Germany tried to establish in Europe during World War II. The territorial claims for the Greater Germanic Reich fluctuated over time. Wikipedia

  • Adolf Eichmann

    German-Austrian SS-Obersturmbannführer and one of the major organizers of the Holocaust—the "Final Solution to the Jewish Question" in Nazi terminology. Tasked by SS-Obergruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich with facilitating and managing the logistics involved in the mass deportation of Jews to ghettos and extermination camps in Nazi-occupied Eastern Europe during World War II. Wikipedia

  • Germany

    Country at the intersection of Central and Western Europe. Situated between the Baltic and North seas to the north, and the Alps to the south; covering an area of 357022 km2, with a population of over 83 million within its 16 constituent states. Wikipedia

  • Independent State of Croatia

    World War II-era puppet state of Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. Established in parts of occupied Yugoslavia on 10 April 1941, after the invasion by the Axis powers. Its territory consisted of most of modern-day Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as some parts of modern-day Serbia and Slovenia, but also excluded many Croat-populated areas in Dalmatia , Istria, and Međimurje regions (which today are part of Croatia). Wikipedia

  • Franz Mattenklott

    German general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II. Recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. Wikipedia

  • Schutzstaffel

    Major paramilitary organization under Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party (NSDAP) in Nazi Germany, and later throughout German-occupied Europe during World War II. It began with a small guard unit known as the Saal-Schutz ("Hall Security") made up of NSDAP volunteers to provide security for party meetings in Munich. Wikipedia

  • Adolf Hitler

    Austrian-born German politician who was the dictator of Germany from 1933 to 1945. He rose to power as the leader of the Nazi Party, becoming Chancellor in 1933 and then Führer in 1934. Wikipedia

  • Anschluss

    The Anschluss (, or Anschluß before the German orthography reform of 1996, "joining"), also known as the Anschluss Österreichs (, Annexation of Austria), refers to the annexation of Austria into Nazi Germany on 12 March 1938. Anschluss began after the unification of Germany excluded Austria and the German Austrians from the Prussian-dominated German Empire in 1871. Wikipedia

  • Holocaust denial

    Act of denying the Nazi genocide of Jews in the Holocaust. Holocaust deniers make one or more of the following false statements: Wikipedia

  • Nazi Germany

    The German state between 1933 and 1945, when Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party controlled the country which they transformed into a dictatorship. Under Hitler's rule, Germany quickly became a totalitarian state where nearly all aspects of life were controlled by the government. Wikipedia

  • Racial policy of Nazi Germany

    Set of policies and laws implemented in Nazi Germany based on a specific racist doctrine asserting the superiority of the Aryan race, which claimed scientific legitimacy. Combined with a eugenics programme that aimed for racial hygiene by compulsory sterilization and extermination of those who they saw as Untermenschen , which culminated in the Holocaust. Wikipedia

  • Expulsion of Poles by Nazi Germany

    Massive Nazi German operation consisting of the forced resettlement of over 1.7 million Poles from all territories of occupied Poland with the aim of their geopolitical Germanization between 1939 and 1944. The expulsions were justified by Nazi racial doctrine, which depicted Poles and other Slavs as racially inferior Untermenschen. Wikipedia

  • War crimes in occupied Poland during World War II

    Around six million Polish citizens, are estimated to have perished during World War II. Most were civilians killed by the actions of Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. Wikipedia


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