Languages similar to or like Sanskrit
Classical language of South Asia belonging to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European languages. Wikipedia
The languages of India are divided into various language families, of which the Indo-Aryan and the are the most widely spoken. There are also many languages belonging to unrelated language families such as Austroasiatic and Sino-Tibetan, spoken by smaller groups. Wikipedia
Languages spoken in India belong to several language families, the major ones being the Indo-Aryan languages spoken by 78.05% of Indians and the Dravidian languages spoken by 19.64% of Indians. Languages spoken by the remaining 2.31% of the population belong to the Austroasiatic, Sino-Tibetan, Tai-Kadai and a few other minor language families and isolates. Wikipedia
Ethnolinguistic group that spoke Indo-Aryan languages, the predominant languages of today's North India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and the Maldives. Indo-Aryan population movements into the region and Anatolia (ancient Mitanni) from Central Asia are considered to have started after 2000 BCE, as a slow diffusion during the Late Harappan period, which led to a language shift in the northern Indian subcontinent. Wikipedia
The Indo-European migrations were the migrations of Proto-Indo-European language (PIE) speakers, as proposed by contemporary scholarship, and the subsequent migrations of people speaking further developed Indo-European languages, which explains why the Indo-European languages are spoken in a large area in Eurasia, from India and Iran to Europe. While there can be no direct evidence of prehistoric languages, both the existence of Proto-Indo-European and the dispersal of its daughter dialects through wide-ranging migrations and elite-dominance dispersal are inferred through a synthesis of data from linguistics, archaeology, anthropology and genetics. Wikipedia
Indo-Iranian peoples, also known as Indo-Iranic peoples by scholars, and sometimes as Arya or Aryans from their self-designation, were a group of Indo-European peoples who brought the Indo-Iranian languages, a major branch of the Indo-European language family, to major parts of Eurasia in the second part of the 3rd millennium BC. They eventually branched out into Iranian peoples and Indo-Aryan peoples. Self designation of the ancient speakers of the Indo-Iranian languages, specifically the Iranian and the Indo-Aryan peoples, collectively known as the Indo-Iranians. Wikipedia
Western Iranian language belonging to the Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian subdivision of the Indo-European languages. Pluricentric language predominantly spoken and used officially within Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan in three mutually intelligible standard varieties, namely Iranian Persian, Dari Persian and Tajiki Persian (officially named Tajik since the Soviet era). Wikipedia
The Indo-Iranian languages (also Indo-Iranic languages or Aryan languages ) constitute the largest and southeasternmost extant branch of the Indo-European language family. They have more than 1.5 billion speakers, stretching from Europe (Romani), Turkey (Kurdish and Zaza–Gorani) and the Caucasus (Ossetian) eastward to Xinjiang (Sarikoli) and Assam (Assamese), and south to Sri Lanka (Sinhala) and the Maldives (Maldivian), with branches stretching as far out as Oceania and the Caribbean for Fiji Hindi and Caribbean Hindustani respectively. Wikipedia
The Dravidian languages are a language family spoken by 220 million people, mainly in southern India and northern Sri Lanka, with pockets elsewhere in South Asia. Since the colonial era, there have been small but significant immigrant communities outside South Asia in Mauritius, Hong Kong, Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Britain, Australia, France, Canada, Germany and the United States. Wikipedia
The Iranian or Iranic languages are a branch of the Indo-Iranian languages in the Indo-European language family that are spoken natively by the Iranian peoples. The Iranian languages are grouped in three stages: Old Iranian (until 400 BC), Middle Iranian (400 BC – 900 AD), and New Iranian (since 900 AD). Wikipedia
Ethnolinguistic group who speak Marathi, an Indo-Aryan language as their native language. They inhabit the state of Maharashtra as well as districts bordering the state, such as Belgaum(known as Belgaon in Marathi) of Karnataka and the state of Goa in western India as well as districts of southern Gujarat and parts of Madhya Pradesh. Wikipedia
Language from the Dardic subgroup of Indo-Aryan languages, spoken by around 7 million Kashmiris, primarily in the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. In 2020 the Parliament of India passed a bill to make Kashmiri official language of Jammu and Kashmir along with Dogri, Hindi, English and Urdu. Wikipedia
Indo-Aryan language spoken in the Indian state of Odisha. Official language in Odisha where native speakers make up 82% of the population, also spoken in parts of West Bengal, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh, Odia is one of the many official languages of India; it is the official language of Odisha and the second official language of Jharkhand. Wikipedia
Indo-Aryan peoples refers to both the pastoralist Indo-Aryan people migrating from Central Asia into South Asia in the second millennium BCE, introducing the Proto-Indo-Aryan language, as to contemporary ethnolinguistic groups speaking modern Indo-Aryan languages, a subgroup of the Indo-European language family. The result of a migration of people whose culture originated in the Sintashta culture, moving through the Bactria-Margiana Culture and into the northern Indian subcontinent (modern-day India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka). Wikipedia
- The oldest evidence of writing in the Indonesian archipelago is a series of Sanskrit inscriptions dated to the 5th century.
- It may derive from the Sanskrit "Himalaya", referring to areas high in the mountains, or "Malaiyur-pura", meaning mountain town.
- The earliest literature in India, composed between 1500 BCE and 1200 CE, was in the Sanskrit language.
- The word Siam may have originated from Pali (suvaṇṇabhūmi, 'land of gold') or Sanskrit श्याम (śyāma, 'dark') or Mon ရာမည(rhmañña, 'stranger').
- The terms "Hindi" and "Hindu" trace back to Old Persian which derived these names from the Sanskrit name Sindhu (सिन्धु ), referring to the river Indus.
- The Persians and Arabs referred to it as Sarandīb (the origin of the word "serendipity") from Sanskrit Siṃhaladvīpaḥ.
- Sanskrit inscriptions appear as early as the fourth or fifth century.
- Barbosa's usage was derived from Persian Chīn, which was in turn derived from Sanskrit Cīna.
- Traditional grammarians tried to group the various suffixes into eight cases corresponding to the cases used in Sanskrit.
- In ancient Bengal, Sanskrit was the language of written communication, especially by priests.
- This led to the replacement of a significant number of Sanskrit loanwords by Tamil equivalents, though many others remain.
- Hindi is written in the Devanagari script and contains more Sanskrit-derived words than Urdu, whereas Urdu is written in the Perso-Arabic script and uses more Arabic and Persian loanwords than does Hindi.
- Tamil's standard metalinguistic terminology and scholarly vocabulary is itself Tamil, as opposed to the Sanskrit that is standard for most Aryan languages.
- Apart from these, there are also fragmentary collections of EBT materials in other languages such as Sanskrit, Khotanese, Tibetan and Gāndhārī.
- Narbutt, invoking German scholarship, pointed out the relationship between the Lithuanian and Sanskrit languages.
- Bengali developed from Sanskrit and Magadhi Prakrit in the 8th to 10th century.
- Two major extant branches of Buddhism are generally recognized by scholars: Theravāda (Pali: "The School of the Elders") and Mahāyāna (Sanskrit: "The Great Vehicle").
- Descendent of Sanskrit, Nepali is written in Devanagari script.
- Traditionally, the first step in most Buddhist schools requires taking of the "Three Refuges", also called the Three Jewels (Sanskrit: triratna, Pali: tiratana) as the foundation of one's religious practice.
- Tigalari script was used by Brahmins to write Sanskrit language.
- The name, composed of Pali and Sanskrit root words, translates as:
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