Why American Civil War and Warrenton Junction Raid are similar

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  • Washington, D.C., in the American Civil War

    The center of the Union war effort, which rapidly turned it from a small city into a major capital with full civic infrastructure and strong defenses. The shock of Union defeat at First Bull Run, with demoralized troops wandering the streets of the capital, caused President Abraham Lincoln to order extensive fortifications and a large garrison. Wikipedia

  • Virginia in the American Civil War

    Virginia became a prominent part of the Confederacy when it joined during the American Civil War. As a Southern slave-holding state, Virginia held the state convention to deal with the secession crisis, and voted against secession on April 4, 1861. Wikipedia

  • Spencer repeating rifle

    The Spencer repeating rifles and carbines were early American lever-action firearms invented by Christopher Spencer. The world's first military metallic cartridge repeating rifle, and over 200,000 examples were manufactured in the United States by the Spencer Repeating Rifle Co. and Burnside Rifle Co. between 1860 and 1869. Wikipedia

  • Joseph Hooker

    American Civil War general for the Union, chiefly remembered for his decisive defeat by Confederate General Robert E. Lee at the Battle of Chancellorsville in 1863. Hooker had served in the Seminole Wars and the Mexican–American War, receiving three brevet promotions, before resigning from the Army. Wikipedia

  • Rappahannock River

    River in eastern Virginia, in the United States, approximately 195 mi in length. It traverses the entire northern part of the state, from the Blue Ridge Mountains in the west where it rises, across the Piedmont to the Fall Line, and onward through the coastal plain to flow into the Chesapeake Bay, south of the Potomac River. Wikipedia

  • J. E. B. Stuart

    United States Army officer from Virginia who became a Confederate States Army general during the American Civil War. Known to his friends as "Jeb", from the initials of his given names. Wikipedia

  • Jubal Early

    Virginia lawyer and politician who became a Confederate general during the American Civil War. Trained at the United States Military Academy, Early resigned his U.S. Army commission after the Second Seminole War and his Virginia military commission after the Mexican–American War, in both cases to practice law and participate in politics. Wikipedia

  • Battle of Appomattox Court House

    One of the last battles of the American Civil War . The final engagement of Confederate General in Chief, Robert E. Lee, and his Army of Northern Virginia before it surrendered to the Union Army of the Potomac under the Commanding General of the United States, Ulysses S. Grant. Wikipedia

  • Philip Sheridan

    Career United States Army officer and a Union general in the American Civil War. Noted for his rapid rise to major general and his close association with General-in-chief Ulysses S. Grant, who transferred Sheridan from command of an infantry division in the Western Theater to lead the Cavalry Corps of the Army of the Potomac in the East. Wikipedia

  • Army of Northern Virginia

    The primary military force of the Confederate States of America in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War. Also the primary command structure of the Department of Northern Virginia. Wikipedia

  • Army of the Potomac

    The principal Union Army in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War. Created in July 1861 shortly after the First Battle of Bull Run and was disbanded in June 1865 following the surrender of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in April. Wikipedia

  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Fought July 1–3, 1863, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, by Union and Confederate forces during the American Civil War. Often described as the war's turning point. Wikipedia

  • Robert E. Lee

    American Confederate general best known as a commander of the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He commanded the Army of Northern Virginia from 1862 until its surrender in 1865 and earned a reputation as a skilled tactician. Wikipedia

  • Ulysses S. Grant

    American soldier and politician who served as the 18th president of the United States from 1869 to 1877. Before his presidency, Grant led the Union Army as Commanding General of the United States Army in winning the American Civil War. Wikipedia

  • Southern United States

    Geographic and cultural region of the United States. Between the Atlantic Ocean and the western United States, with the midwestern United States and northeastern United States to its north and the Gulf of Mexico and Mexico to its south. Wikipedia

  • Confederate States Army

    The military land force of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War (1861–1865), fighting against the United States forces in order to uphold the institution of slavery in the Southern states. On February 28, 1861, the Provisional Confederate Congress established a provisional volunteer army and gave control over military operations and authority for mustering state forces and volunteers to the newly chosen Confederate president, Jefferson Davis. Wikipedia

  • Federal government of the United States

    National government of the United States, a federal republic in North America, composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories and several island possessions. Composed of three distinct branches: legislative, executive, and judicial, whose powers are vested by the U.S. Constitution in the Congress, the president and the federal courts, respectively. Wikipedia

  • Union (American Civil War)

    During the American Civil War (1861–1865), the Union, also known as the North, referred to the U.S. states that were loyal to the U.S. federal government led by President Abraham Lincoln. Altogether, it included 20 free states and 5 border states. Wikipedia

  • Medal of Honor

    United States government's highest and most prestigious military decoration that may be awarded to recognize American soldiers, sailors, marines, airmen, Space Force guardians, and coast guardsmen who have distinguished themselves by acts of valor. Normally awarded by the President of the United States, but as it is presented "in the name of the United States Congress", it is often referred to as the "Congressional Medal of Honor". Wikipedia

  • Confederate States of America

    Unrecognized breakaway state in existence from February 8, 1861, to May 9, 1865, that fought against the United States of America during the American Civil War. The eleven states that seceded from the Union and formed the main part of the CSA were South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina. Wikipedia

  • Union Army

    During the American Civil War, the Union Army, also called the Northern Army, referred to the United States Army, the land force that fought to preserve the Union of the collective states. Also known as the Federal Army, it proved essential to the preservation of the United States as a working, viable republic. Wikipedia

  • Tennessee

    State in the Southeastern region of the United States. 36th largest by area and the 16th most populous of the 50 states. Wikipedia

  • Virginia

    State in the Mid-Atlantic and Southeastern regions of the United States, between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains. The geography and climate of the Commonwealth are shaped by the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Chesapeake Bay, which provide habitat for much of its flora and fauna. Wikipedia

  • Washington, D.C.

    Capital city of the United States of America. Located on the Potomac River bordering Maryland and Virginia, with Congress holding its first session there in 1800. Wikipedia

  • United States

    Country primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, 326 Indian reservations, and some minor possessions. Wikipedia

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